The bathroom is where most of the home's water is used -- it is the place where you can save the most.
- Don't use your toilet for a garbage disposal or a trash can.
- Consider installing a low-flow toilet (required for replacements and new installations).
- Install a water-saving displacement device.
- For older toilets, buy or make a device that won't harm your plumbing such as a toilet dam or weighted plastic jug full of water.
- Be sure that installation does not interfere with operating parts.
- DO NOT use a brick -- it may disintegrate and cause problems.
- Check overflow pipes to be sure that water is not draining.
- Add dark food coloring to TANK water. DON'T FLUSH! Check water in TOILET BOWL 15-20 minutes later. Color in the toilet bowl means you have a leak.
- Fill bowl with water instead of letting water run when you wash, brush teeth or shave.
- Promptly repair leaks and drips.
- Install water saving devices. Try a faucet aerator to reduce amount of water used.
Tub or Shower
- Install water-saving devices. Use a low-flow shower head, flow restrictor or cut off valve (lets you shut off water at shower head while soaping up and shampooing without changing the faucet setting).
- Economize. Wash only full loads. Avoid using extra cycles. Choose a water-saving model.
- Immediately repair leaks and inspect all connections to make sure they are tight and dry.
- Scrape dishes. Do not prerinse. Soak pots and pans. Instead of continuously running water, fill wash and rinse basins with water. Use minimum amount of detergent.
- Use sink disposal unit sparingly,(but never use without running water) or use a garbage can or compost heap instead.
- Use a brush and bowl full of water to wash vegetables. Thaw frozen food in your refrigerator, not under running water. Cook vegetables with a minimum amount of water and save cooking water for soup stock.
- Instead of running cold water, keep a container of cold water in the refrigerator. Make only the amount of coffee, tea, etc. you expect to consume.
Saving Water in the Laundry?
More than 10% of all water used at home is used in the washing machine, so even small investments of time and money can pay off in the long run.
- Use the load selector to match water level to size of load. ( If no selector then only do full loads.)
- Presoak heavily soiled items. Always use minimum amount of detergent.
- Check faucets and hose connections for leaks. Immediately repair or replace when necessary.
- Inspect pipes for pinhole leaks or leaking joints.
- If buying a new washer, purchase one with conservation features. Choose a washer with load size selector or variable water level control.
Saving Water Outside the Home?
The consumption rate for water-saving devices or products varies significantly. Check plumbing product packaging to determine the product's water efficiency.
Be as careful and efficient outdoors as you are inside the home.
- Check hose and connectors. Repair or replace leaky parts or sections.
- Use a nozzle which can be shut off or adjusted to fine spray.
- When finished, shut off at the house instead of at nozzle to avoid leaks.
- Consider a water-saving drip irrigation system which provides a slow steady supply of water to garden and shrubbery.
Lawn & Garden
- Water slowly and thoroughly during cool, windless hours.
- Let grass grow taller in hot weather.
- Use mulch to save moisture.
- Plant native and other shrubs that require less watering.
- Recycle water.
- Water with recycled cleaning or pool water.
- Rinse car once, wash from bucket of soapy water, rinse quickly again.
- Used water is fine for chrome, hub caps, wheels.
Driveways & Walkways
- Use a broom or rake instead of water to remove leaves, clippings, debris.
- Keep level low to minimize splashing. Use a cover to slow evaporation (keeps water cleaner, too).
- Check walls, filtration systems, inlets; repair where needed.